Which Countries Celebrate Lunar New Year? And How Do They Celebrate It?
Besides celebrating New Year’s Day on the first of January like most countries in the world, many Asian countries such as China, Singapore, Vietnam, and South Korea also observe Lunar New Year, marking the first moon in the lunar calendar. The celebration of Lunar New Year can last for the next 15 days until the full moon. In 2022, this is from February 1 to February 15.
In this post, let’s find out which countries in Asia celebrate Lunar New Year and what traditions they have on this special occasion.
Chinese New Year is one of the most important holidays in China when people enjoy a week off to celebrate with their families. There are numerous festivities taking place during this special holiday, sometimes lasting up to 16 days.
Chinese New Year heavily influences the Lunar New Year celebrations of other countries in the world, such as the Losar of Tibet, Tết in Vietnam and the Korean New Year. It is also observed in regions and countries with significant overseas Chinese or Sinophone populations, such as Taiwan, Singapore, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, the Philippines, the United States, Mauritius, and Canada.
On New Year’s Day, Chinese elders give red envelopes – known as hóngbāo in Mandarin – to children or unmarried people, a tradition that evolved from the practice of giving coins to ward off evil spirits. Performing lion or dragon dances and lighting fireworks or firecrackers on New Year’s Day are some other common ways people celebrate Lunar New Year in China.
During the New Year festival, Chinese people like to visit temples to pray for a great year and good fortune.
Vietnamese Lunar New Year is known as Tết or Tết Nguyên Đán. It is the most sacred festival that marks the arrival of spring in Vietnam. During this occasion, Vietnamese people enjoy a long holiday (lasts 6 to 9 days) which gives them time to come back home and reunite with their families.
There are three main periods in Tết. The first one is called Tất Niên which is the day before New Year’s Eve. The second is Giao Thừa which is on New Year’s Eve. The third is Tân Niên which means the New Year. Vietnamese people usually decorate their homes with plants and flowers (peach blossoms in the North and Yellow Apricot blossoms in the centre and southern parts of the country), presenting the hope for a new beginning and good fortune.
Cleaning up ancestors’ graves and adorning the altar of ancestors with flowers, fruits, and food offerings are the traditional customs of Vietnamese people during Tết.
The first person to enter a Vietnamese house after the clock strikes at 12 is known as người xông đất, and it is one of the most important rituals. This is because Vietnamese believe that the first visitor to their homes in a new year can affect their fortune for the entire year. Thus, no one enters a house on the first day unless they have been invited. Vietnamese people also give lucky money (tiền mừng tuổi) to children and the elderly.
#3. South Korea
Korean New Year, known as Seollal, is a three-day national holiday commemorating the first day of the Korean calendar. During this traditional festival, Korean people usually visit their families, wear hanbok, perform ancestral rites and eat traditional foods. Joining folk games is also a popular activity to celebrate the new year. Like China and Vietnam, in Korea, after performing a formal bow, children frequently receive money from the elderly.
Around this time, South Korean also observe another festival called Jeongwol Daeboreum celebrating the first full moon of the new lunar year. They perform the Daljip ritual, in which huge bonfires are built and light up to bring luck for the new year.
Two special cultural events for ethnically Chinese Malaysians, called Pai Thnee Kong (in Penang) and Thnee Kong Sei (in Hokkien), take place on the ninth day of the Lunar New Year. During these festivities, people offer fruits, flowers, and other types of foods to Jade Emperor to celebrate his birthday.
Thousands of people visit the Jade Emperor’s altar in Hokkien, which is built specifically for the occasion on the Chew Jetty. Some build altars in their own homes and make offerings to commemorate this occasion.
#5. Other Countries
It is estimated that about 1.5 billion people around the world observe Lunar New Year. Many of which are ethnically Chinese around the world. In other countries such as Singapore, the Philippines, and Cambodia, people celebrate Lunar New Year by watching fireworks, dragon dances, cooking traditional foods and exchanging red envelopes.
If you are conducting business in any of the markets that celebrate Lunar New year, make sure you acknowledge and respect their distinct customs. The team at GTE Localize wishes you a prosperous new year!