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Three Levels Of Academic Translation Services You Should Know

Posted by Chloe G. on September 18, 2023.

While many clients may not be familiar with the acronyms TO, TE, and TEP, these abbreviations play a crucial role in shaping the final quality of translated academic content and influencing the overall workflow of any translation and localization agency. TO, TE, and TEP represent three fundamental tiers within an academic translation project, which are Translation Only, Translation and Editing, and Translation, Editing, and Proofreading, respectively.

You might be wondering: Why are there three distinct levels, and what do they entail precisely? Moreover, how can you determine the most appropriate level for your current set of academic documents?  

 In this blog post, we will delve into the three essential levels of academic translation services, highlighting their significance and why you should consider them. 

Overview of Academic Translation Services

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Academic translation services are a specialized subset of translation services tailored to meet the specific needs of the academic community. These services aim to make academic content, including research papers, dissertations, theses, and conference presentations, accessible to a wider global audience. They also play a crucial role in facilitating international collaborations and knowledge sharing. To accomplish these goals, academic translation services offer various levels of assistance, each with its own degree of refinement and quality assurance.

Three Levels of Academic Translation Services

When considering academic translation services, it’s important to understand the different levels of service available. Each level offers a unique set of benefits and is suitable for specific contexts. Here are the three primary levels of academic translation services:

1. Translation Only

The first and most basic level of academic translation services is Translation Only. In this level of service, a translator takes the source academic document, written in one language, and renders it into the target language. The primary focus here is on linguistic accuracy and conveying the content’s meaning faithfully.


  • Cost-effective: Translation-only services are usually more budget-friendly compared to higher levels of service.
  • Quick turnaround: Since there is no additional editing or proofreading, translation-only services can be completed relatively faster.
  • Suitable for less critical content: This level is appropriate for less formal academic content, such as internal documents or initial drafts.


  • Quality may vary: Quality control depends largely on the translator’s skill and expertise.
  • Limited refinement: There may be minor issues with style, fluency, or terminology that could affect the document’s overall readability.

2. Translation + Edit

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The next level of academic translation services is Translation + Edit. At this level, a professional translator not only translates the document but also performs a thorough editing pass to improve its quality and fluency in the target language.


  • Improved quality: Editing ensures that the translated document is more polished, fluent, and reads naturally in the target language.
  • Enhanced clarity: Editors may rephrase sentences or adjust terminology to ensure better comprehension for the target audience.
  • Greater consistency: Editing helps maintain consistent terminology and writing style throughout the document.


  • Slightly higher cost: This level of service may be more expensive than translation-only services due to the added editing step.
  • Longer turnaround time: Editing adds time to the overall project timeline, but it’s still more efficient than the proofreading stage.

3. Translation + Edit + Proofread

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The highest level of academic translation services is Translation + Edit + Proofread. In addition to translation and editing, this level includes a comprehensive proofreading process, often conducted by a different linguist or language professional.


  • Superior quality assurance: A third-party proofreader ensures that the translated document is free from errors in grammar, punctuation, and syntax.
  • Enhanced accuracy: Proofreaders catch and rectify minor mistakes that might have been overlooked during the initial stages.
  • Exceptional clarity and readability: The combination of translation, editing, and proofreading results in a document that is highly polished and easy to understand.


  • Higher cost: This level of service is the most expensive due to the added time and effort required for proofreading.
  • Longer turnaround time: The thorough proofreading process can extend the project timeline, but the quality gains justify the wait.

Why Pick GTE Localize for Academic Translation Services?

Now that you have a comprehensive understanding of the three levels of academic translation services, the next crucial question is: Why should you choose GTE Localize as your trusted partner in this endeavor?

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As a professional translation agency, GTE Localize is a renowned name in the field of academic translation services, and here’s why you should consider us:

  • Expertise in Diverse Fields: Our team of translators, editors, and proofreaders consists of subject matter experts in various academic fields. Whether your document is related to science, humanities, technology, or any other domain, we have the right professionals to handle it with precision.
  • Stringent Quality Control: We understand the critical importance of accuracy in academic content. That’s why we implement a rigorous quality control process at every level, ensuring that your translated documents are error-free and meet the highest standards.
  • Customized Solutions: We recognize that every academic project is unique, and our services are tailored to your specific requirements. Whether you need translation only, translation + edit, or translation + edit + proofread, we can accommodate your needs.
  • Timely Delivery: We are committed to delivering your translated documents on time. Our efficient workflow and dedicated project managers ensure that your deadlines are met without compromising on quality.
  • Competitive Pricing: While we offer top-tier quality, we also strive to make our services affordable. We provide transparent pricing and cost-effective solutions to suit your budget.

When seeking academic translation services, entrusting your projects to GTE Localize ensures that your documents are in the hands of experts who are dedicated to maintaining the highest standards of quality and accuracy.

Contact us today to get a free quote!