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Explore Top 5 Languages Spoken In Japan

Posted by Ethan N. on March 28, 2024.

Japan, the Land of the Rising Sun, is a diverse country with a rich cultural heritage that extends beyond its widely spoken Japanese language. In fact, there are several other prominent languages spoken in Japan across its archipelago that contribute to its linguistic diversity. By highlighting and recognizing these lesser-known languages, we can promote greater inclusivity and understanding within the country. Let’s take a closer look at some of the top languages spoken in Japan, other than Japanese, and celebrate the country’s linguistic richness.

1. Japan’s Official Language

The official language of Japan is Japanese, a unique and complex linguistic system that has evolved over centuries. Understanding the significance of the Japanese language is crucial for businesses and individuals seeking to unlock opportunities in this dynamic market.

The Japanese language is a member of the Japonic language family and is written using a combination of logographic kanji characters, which were borrowed from Chinese, and two syllabic scripts, hiragana and katakana. The Japanese writing system is considered one of the most complex in the world, and mastering it requires significant effort and dedication.


The origins of the Japanese language can be traced back to the 8th century when the earliest written records in the language appeared. Over time, the language has undergone various changes and influences, particularly from Chinese and, more recently, English. Despite these influences, Japanese has maintained its distinct character and remains a vital part of Japanese culture and identity.

2. Major Local Languages Spoken in Japan

While Japanese is the dominant language in Japan, there are several local languages spoken by specific communities. These languages have unique linguistic features and cultural significance. Let’s explore some of the major local languages in Japan:

2.1. Ryukyuan Language

The Ryukyuan language, which is also referred to as the Okinawan language, is spoken in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan. It belongs to a distinct language group within the Japonic language family and has several dialects. The language has a rich history and is deeply intertwined with the unique culture of the Ryukyu Islands. Despite facing challenges and a decline in the number of speakers, there are ongoing efforts to preserve and revitalize this endangered language.

2. Ainu Language

The Ainu language is spoken by the Ainu people, an indigenous group primarily residing in Hokkaido, the northernmost island of Japan. The Ainu language is considered a language isolate, meaning it has no known linguistic relatives. It is characterized by its complex phonetics and grammar. The Ainu language holds immense cultural significance for the Ainu people, and efforts are being made to promote its preservation and revitalization.

3. Kikai Language

Another local languages spoken in Japan is Kikai, also known as Kikaijima in the Kagoshima Prefecture of Japan. It is a unique language that has been shaped by influences from both the Ryukyuan and Japanese languages. The Kikai language is an essential part of the local culture and heritage of Kikai Island. However, like many other local languages, it is facing the challenge of a declining number of speakers.

4. Miyako-Bugis Language

The Miyako-Bugis language is spoken on Miyako Island, part of the Miyako Islands in Okinawa Prefecture. It is a language with influences from both the Ryukyuan and Japanese languages. The Miyako-Bugis language has its own distinct phonetics and grammar, making it a fascinating linguistic study. Also among the Japonic languages, Miyakoan stands out because it permits non-nasal syllable-final consonants, which is uncommon in the majority of them.

5. Amami Language

The Amami language, also known as Amami-Oshima, is spoken on Amami-Oshima Island, part of the Amami Islands in Kagoshima Prefecture. The Amami languages are a group of dialect clusters spoken in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, on the Amami Islands. All dialects belong to the northern branch of the Ryukyuan language family.

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3. Foreign Languages in Japan

Foreign language education in Japan has traditionally focused on English as the primary foreign language taught in schools and institutions. However, in recent years, there has been a growing recognition of the importance of learning other languages spoken in Japan to meet the demands of globalization and international collaboration. 

3.1. English as the Primary Foreign Language

English has long been the dominant foreign language taught in Japan, reflecting its status as a global lingua franca and the importance of English proficiency for international business and academic exchange. The Japanese government has implemented various initiatives to promote English education, such as introducing English classes in elementary schools and providing resources and support for language teachers.


3.2. Other Popular Foreign Languages

While English remains the primary focus, other foreign languages spoken in Japan have gained popularity due to their cultural, economic, and strategic significance:

  • Chinese: With China’s growing economic influence and its proximity to Japan, the demand for Chinese language skills has increased, particularly in the business and trade sectors. 
  • Korean: Given the cultural and historical ties between Japan and Korea, as well as the popularity of Korean entertainment and media in Japan, Korean has become a popular foreign language choice.
  • Spanish: The increasing presence of Spanish-speaking communities in Japan, as well as the economic importance of Latin American countries, has driven the demand for Spanish language education. 
  • French and German: These languages have traditionally been studied in academic and research contexts, particularly in fields such as literature, philosophy, and the arts.

4. Unlocking Opportunities With GTE Localize

For businesses and individuals seeking to open new opportunities in Japan, mastering the Japanese translation services is essential. GTE Localize, a top-notch translation agency, offers comprehensive language services to bridge the linguistic gap between languages spoken in Japan and the rest of the world.

Our team of experienced translators and linguists ensures accurate and culturally-sensitive translations, enabling seamless communication and fostering strong relationships with Japanese clients and partners. Whether it’s translating marketing materials, legal documents, or technical manuals, GTE’s commitment to quality and attention to detail ensure that your message resonates with your Japanese audience. 

Get a free quote from our delicate consultant to foster your business with Japanese clients, partners, and consumers.