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Languages in Hong Kong: What To Know?

Posted by Ethan N. on November 21, 2023.

With a fusion of Eastern and Western influences, Hong Kong is home to multiple languages that reflect its unique history and cultural heritage. In this article, we will explore the spoken languages in Hong Kong, their significance, and what you need to know about them.

1. History of Languages in Hong Kong

As a former British colony and now a Special Administrative Region of China, Hong Kong has a unique linguistic landscape that reflects its historical and cultural influences. In this article, we will explore the history of languages in Hong Kong, including the evolution of Cantonese, the influence of English, and the current linguistic situation in the city.

1.1. The Origins of Cantonese in Hong Kong

Cantonese, a variety of Chinese, is the most widely spoken language in Hong Kong. Its origins can be traced back to the ancient Yue Chinese spoken in the region. Cantonese developed as a distinct dialect during the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and continued to evolve over the centuries. When the British arrived in Hong Kong in the 19th century, Cantonese became the dominant language among the local population.

1.2. The Influence of English during British Rule

When the British took control of Hong Kong in 1842, English became the language of administration and education. English-medium schools were established, and the British colonial government used English as the official language. As a result, English had a significant impact on the linguistic landscape of Hong Kong. It became a symbol of status and opportunity, and many Hong Kong residents sought to learn and use English for social and economic advancement.


1.3. Bilingualism in Hong Kong

The period of British rule in Hong Kong led to a unique bilingual environment in the city. Cantonese remained the primary language for daily communication among the local population, while English was widely used in official settings, business, and education. This bilingualism created a distinct cultural identity for Hong Kong and shaped its linguistic landscape.

1.4. Language Policy and Linguistic Shifts

After the handover of Hong Kong to China in 1997, there have been gradual shifts in language policy and linguistic landscape. The official languages of Hong Kong are now Cantonese and English, with Chinese (Mandarin) also gaining prominence due to its status as the national language of China. Cantonese remains the language of choice for most Hong Kong residents in their daily lives, while English continues to be used in various domains, including business and tourism.

2. Other Spoken Languages In Hong Kong 

2.1. Hakka

Hakka is a Chinese dialect spoken by the Hakka people, who originally hailed from the central and southern parts of China. The Hakka community in Hong Kong has a rich cultural heritage and a distinct linguistic identity. Hakka is characterized by its unique pronunciation and vocabulary.

While the number of Hakka speakers has declined over the years due to assimilation and language shift, efforts are being made to preserve and promote the language. The Hakka community organizes cultural events, language classes, and community gatherings to maintain their linguistic heritage.

2.2. Taishanese

As one of common languages in Hong Kong, Taishanese, also known as Toishanese, is a dialect of Yue Chinese and is primarily spoken by the Taishanese people, who originated from the Taishan region in Guangdong province, China. It has notable pronunciation and vocabulary, distinct from Cantonese. Similar to Hakka, the number of Taishanese speakers has declined over time. However, efforts are being made to preserve the language through cultural events and language classes organized by the Taishanese community.

2.3. Mandarin

Mandarin, also known as Putonghua or Standard Chinese, is the official language of China and one of the major dialects of Chinese. It is based on the Beijing dialect and is widely spoken in mainland China and Taiwan.


Mandarin has gained significant prominence in Hong Kong in recent years, primarily due to the influx of mainland Chinese residents and tourists. Mandarin is taught in schools, and many businesses and service industries cater to Mandarin-speaking customers. Its importance has also grown with the increasing economic and cultural ties between Hong Kong and mainland China.

2.4. Hokkien

Hokkien, also known as Minnan or Southern Min, is a Chinese dialect spoken by the Hoklo people, who originated from the Fujian province in China. Hokkien is one of the languages in Hong Kong and has several regional variants. It has exclusively expressive tones.

Hokkien is spoken primarily by the older generation who migrated from Fujian. While its usage has decreased over the years, Hokkien is still heard in certain neighborhoods and among certain social circles. Efforts to preserve the language are undertaken through community initiatives and cultural events.

2.5. Shanghainese

Shanghainese is a dialect of Wu Chinese and is primarily spoken by the Shanghainese people, who hail from the Shanghai region in China. Shanghainese is spoken by a small community of Shanghainese migrants in Hong Kong. While its usage is limited, the language is preserved through informal conversations within the community and cultural events that celebrate Shanghainese heritage.

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3. GTE Localize Provides The Professional Translation Services for Languages in Hong Kong

GTE Localize is a renowned translation agency that specializes in providing professional translation services in Hong Kong. There are many advantages when partnering with us.

  • Accurate and culturally appropriate translations

GTE Localize’s team of skilled translators ensures accurate and culturally appropriate translations. We understand the nuances of different languages and cultures and promise to convey the intended message effectively and resonate with the target audience.

  • Quick turnaround time

We are committed to delivering translations within the agreed-upon deadlines. Our efficient project management process ensures that projects are completed promptly, without compromising on quality. You can meet your communication needs and stay ahead in the competitive global market.

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At GTE Localize, competitive pricing tailored to the specific requirements of each project is provided so businesses can access professional translation services that meet their budgetary constraints.

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Also, we provide excellent customer support throughout the translation process. Our team is readily available to address any queries or concerns and provide guidance when needed. Our commitment to customer satisfaction ensures a smooth and hassle-free experience for businesses seeking translation services.

So don’t hesitate to get in touch with us and get the best solution for your project on languages in Hong Kong.