Interesting Facts about Translation and Localization
What is the most translated document? When is international translation day? A lot of your questions about the translation and localization industry will be answered in this post. We constantly update the post to give you more interesting and up-to-date facts about language, translation, and localization.
Fact 1 – The patron saint of the translation industry
Saint Jerome was a Latin priest, theologian, and historian. He became the guardian of the translation profession after he translated most of the Bible into Latin in the 5th century. Besides his translation of the Bible, Saint Jerome was also well-known for his commentaries on the Christian Bible’s Gospel of the Hebrews.
Jerome is recognized as a Doctor of the Church and a saint by the Catholic Church. His feast day – 30th September later has become International Translation Day which pays tribute to the work of language professionals including translators and interpreters.
Fact 2 – The origin of the word Translation
The English word Translation is derived from the Latin word Traslatio, which means ‘to carry across’.
Translio = Trans (means ‘across’) + Ferre (means ‘to carry’/’to bring’).
Fact 3 – The first non-human sign language practitioner
Washoe was born around September 1965 in Africa. Later, she was brought to the United States and adopted by Drs. Allen and Beatrix Gardner on June 21, 1966, for their research experiment on animal language acquisition. She was first taught American Sign Language there. When Washoe was 5, as the Gardners moved on with other projects, she was under the care of Roger Fouts and Deborah Fouts in the University of Oklahoma’s Institute of Primate Studies in Norman, Oklahoma.
During her life, Washoe learned approximately 350 signs of American Sign Language. She also taught her adopted son named Loulis some of the signs she had learned.
There is an interesting story about Washoe when she was 17. She was close to a pregnant volunteer researcher named Kat and frequently asked her about the baby inside using sign language. When Kat missed work for several weeks due to her miscarriage, Washoe was heartbroken. After Kat returned and signed “MY BABY DIED” to Washoe, Washoe signed back “CRY” and touched her cheek as if a teardrop was falling.
Fact 4 – Language with the largest alphabet
According to Guinness World Records 1995, Khmer (Cambodian) is the language that has the largest alphabet, with 74 letters although some of them are not of current use. The alphabet is derived from the Pallava Script, created in the south of India during the Pallava Dynasty in the 6th century. It consists of 33 consonants, 23 vowels, and 12 independent vowels.
Fact 5 – Top 10 countries with the most spoken languages in the world
Based on Ethnologue’s statistics, Papua New Guinea has the most spoken languages in the world, with 840 languages, all of which are established. In fact, more than twice the number of languages used in Europe have spoken in this country alone.
The second and third countries are Indonesia (with 710 established languages) and Nigeria (with 517 established languages). The United States ranks at fifth, with a total of 328 languages. Around 70% of these are established languages, and the rest are immigrant languages. Brazil has the 10th most languages in the world with 218 established languages and 3 immigrant languages.
Fact 6 – The most translated document in the world
It is widely known that the Bible is the most translated book in the world. But how about the most translated document?
The Guinness Book of Records has recognized The Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations in 1948 as the most translated document in the world. This 6-page document has been translated into 370 languages and dialects as of 2009.
Since then, the United Nations Human Rights offices have received rumors of translations of this document from all over the world. Anyone can submit a new translation of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in any language and dialect to UN Human Rights offices by simply following the provided submissions guide.
Fact 7 – The most translated website in the world
Have you ever wondered which is the most translated website in the world? Popular guesses might be big companies and brands like Coca-cola, Microsoft, Wikipedia, or Google. Well, none of which is the right answer. The answer might be a little bit surprising to you… The most translated website in the world is The Jehovah’s Witnesses (jw.org).
As of January 2021, the website has been translated into 1,028 languages, including 100 sign languages, making it accessible to deaf and hard-of-hearing people.
Fact 8 – The most translated writer in the world
Agatha Christie, an English writer known for her sixty-six detective novels and fourteen short story collections, is the world’s most translated writer. Some of her most famous works include Murder on the Orient Express, And Then There Were None, and The Mousetrap and The Mysterious Affair at Styles. With 7,236 translations of her works from English into 103 languages, she became the most translated individual author.
The other authors in the top 5 include:
- Jules Verne – 4,751 translations
- William Shakespeare – 4,296 translations
- Enid Blyton – 3,924 translations
- Barbara Cartland – 3,652 translations
Fact 9 – The first public demonstration of machine translation
The first public demonstration of machine translation took place in New York on January 7th, 1954. It was the result of the collaboration between IBM and Georgetown University. In the event, the IBM 701 computer automatically translated 250 words and 6 grammar rules from Russian into English. This demonstration raised a great deal of interest from the public and expectations of high-quality translation from machines in the near future.