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5 Challenges of English to French Translation and Tips to Overcome Them

Posted by Anne Quach on March 04, 2022.

French is a Romance language with a massive global population of around 280 million speakers. In the business world, French is the second most commonly used business language (according to Bloomberg). On the Internet, it is in the top 10 most-used languages online, with about 3.3% of Internet users using this language. With the huge popularity of French around the world, French translation, without doubt, will help you reach a great number of global audiences who speak French.

Did you know that approximately 45 per cent of the English language is of French origin? Many businesses, therefore, think that the use of professional French translation services is not necessary. The truth is, despite some similarities between French and English, even experienced translators still face numerous challenges when translating content from English to French.

In today’s post, we will discuss some big challenges of English to French translation and show you some great tips to get the best English to French translations.

#1. French Has Multiple Variations

French is the official language of 29 countries spread across five continents. Similar to the differences in spoken English in the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia, the French language has its own variations, with differences in French spoken in France, Belgium, Canada, the Middle East, and the United States.

English to French Translation Services_1

Although these differences are most noticeable in pronunciation, you will also find some cultural differences in grammar, formalities, food, festivals, and everyday items.

Obviously, these cultural differences must be taken into account when you work on an English to French translation project. You need to use the right variation to avoid confusion for your target audience. To achieve this, make sure that you have a clear audience profile with key features such as their regions or language preference.

 

#2. Text Expansion in French Translation

It is well known that not all languages have the same length—some are long, while others are short. In the case of English to French translation, you should expect the content length to expand by 15% to 20%, compared to its original text in English.

EnglishFrench
English to French translation servicesServices de traduction de l’anglais vers le français
PleaseS’il vous plaît

The text expansion in English to French translation affects the design or layout of your documents. If your French translated content needs to fit into a limited length, you should inform your French translators of this requirement and ask them to use shorter words or sentence grammar while still remaining the оrіgіnаl mеssаgіng.

 

#3. French and English Has Different Grammar

The level of complexity is one of the most significant differences between a language like English and French. In contrast to English, French has gendered nouns that change depending on the speaker, the noun, and the plural, as well as different agreement rules for verbs and adjectives. Unfortunately, there is no hard and fast rule, and determining which nouns are feminine can be perplexing.

To manage the subtle differences in English and French grammar, native French language expertise is required. You should always work with native French translators who have a great command of the French language.

 

#4. Level of Formality in French

The level of formality is the most significant cultural difference between English and French. Close friends and peers should be addressed differently than strangers, customers, and professors in French. Let’s take an example:

English FormalityFrench
YouSingular, InformalTu
Singular, FormalVous
Plural, InformalVous
Plural, FormalVous

English to French translators need to carefully consider the context to choose the right words for the French version. You should prepare a translation guideline or glossary to help your French translators understand better the content and make the right decision in word choice.

 

#5. English and French Words That Look The Same

Despite their different origins, many words in English and French appear deceptively similar, despite having completely different meanings. This is due to the fact that French evolved from Latin, which influenced the English language. As a result, English and French share many Latin words whose definitions have evolved differently over time.

WordsMeaning in EnglishMeaning in French
PainPainBread
CoinCoinCorner

When you see a French word that is similar to English, don’t assume its meaning. You should carefully check the dictionary to make sure that you understand the word correctly. Furthermore, you can always conduct your own research to determine which words appear to be English but have entirely different meanings in French. When translating from English to French and vice versa, keep the two meanings in mind.

For important documents, hiring an expert English and French bilingual translator is the solution to this problem.

 

Wrap Up

Although you may face a great number of linguistic and cultural challenges when translating your content from English to French, with a carefully-prepared localization strategy and the assistance of a professional French translation agency like GTE Localize, achieving a high-quality French translation is not too difficult.

GTE Localize provides high-quality and cost-saving French translation services for all major language pairs (English to French included). Working with GTE Localize, your French translation projects will be handled by 100% native French translators. They must have at least 5 years of professional translation experience, as well as outstanding language and writing skills. Furthermore, your projects will be handled entirely by subject-matter experts. That means that each of our translators must be an expert in a specific domain.

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